Ethiopia – Natural Guji – Wolichu Wachu – Grade 3 B14086
The Wolichu Wachu washing station was founded in 2017 and serves 4,500 local smallholder producers in and around the town of Haro Wachu, in the Urga district of Guhi in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. The average producer here farms on half a hectare of land and delivers coffee in cherry form to the washing station, where it is processed as necessary. Coffees in Ethiopia are typically traceable to the washing station level, where smallholder farmers—many of whom own less than 1/2 hectare of land, and as little as 1/8 hectare on average—deliver cherry by weight to receive payment at a market rate. The coffee is sorted and processed into lots without retaining information about whose coffee harvest is in which bag or which lot.
Natural lots like this one are sorted, then laid to dry on raised beds for 8–15 days in sunny weather and 15–20 days in cloudy weather.
According to the washing station manager, 90 percent of the coffee delivered to the factory is Bourbon, and 10 percent is Typica: While these are two varieties better-known in Central and South America, the same terms are used colloquially in Ethiopia to describe certain coffee-berry-disease-resistant cultivars. The Ethiopian "Bourbon" and "Typica" varieties are typically genetically removed from the ones found elsewhere around the world.
For more information about coffee production in Ethiopia, visit our Ethiopia page.